Trench drains are a specific type of floor drainage system comprising of a channel-shaped body or dominant trough. These drains are extremely effective in surface water evacuation and the containment of chemical spills or utility lines. Characterized by their narrow width and long length, these are the most common type of known drainage systems.
Alongside commercial establishments, trench drains are also used extensively in and around different residential properties for a number of reasons. Proper drainage facility can become a serious concern for homeowners living in low lying areas. In such situations, prolonged flooding may lead to a number of problems, including damage to the home’s foundation, structure, and particularly its basement. Making use of residential trench drains, homeowners can divert the water to protect their property from water damage.
Trench drainage systems contain grates covering a drainage channel. The grated top is designed to capture the surface water before it causes any structural issues for the home. Driveway drainage is the most common application of a residential trench drain system. This drainage solution is also used for downspouts, farm/barn, pools, showers, and patios.
- Driveway drainage: Homes that have driveways or downspouts without a slope towards the exterior of the home are prone to a number of issues. One of the best ways to deal with this problem is to install a driveway trench drain before the water runoff can wipe out the driveway.
- Downspout drainage: Downspout drainage problems are common in houses that have gutters installed too close to their roof. This results in water skipping over the gutter and the downspout fails to route the water away from the building’s foundation. By using a combination of a trench drain and a downspout drainage basin, it is possible to direct this water away from the foundation.
- Farm/barn drainage: Trench drains can also be installed in equipment buildings and animal barns where tractors and animals are housed. As a result of mud and animal waste buildup, these areas of the house require frequent floor hose downs. Trench drains are considered to be standard requirements and ideal to control the wastewater in these buildings.
- Patio/sidewalk drainage: Residential trench drains can be used to great effect to protect your patios and sidewalks by preventing water from accumulating in the spots that are low. Sidewalks with slopes towards the step tend to get waterlogged near the base of the steps. Backyard patios sloping towards the building’s foundation face the same problem as there is no space for the drainage of water. Installation of trench drains along the base of the step or wall can solve both these problems.
- Pool area drainage: Unlike the previous applications, pool trench drains are more about safety and aesthetics rather than protection from water related issues.
Depending on the requirement, residential trench drains are available in different materials. Plastic is considered to be the most cost efficient alternative. Whereas, decorative bronze drains can certainly be an aesthetically pleasing option. Fiberglass and polymer concrete are two other high-quality choices.